Monday, 24 October 2016

Mushroom season

 October marks the height of the mushroom season, and this year has been a particularly good year, even if the season is later than usual - presumably a knock on effect of the late wet Spring.

On Sunday 16th October, just over a year since their last visit on September 20th 2015, (see blog post) the Runnymede Ramblers made a return visit for a fungi walk. The foray was led by Dick Alder of the West Weald Fungus Recording Group. The star find of the day was the Purple Webcap  - Cortinarius Violaceus - a rare mushroom which has apparently never previously been found in West Sussex. The nearest known colonies are in the New Forest. In addition to the ones pictured in the previous post, we found a further specimen on the banks of the pond, and the group found another pair in the neighbouring wood. A sample has been sent to Kew, where it will be part of a project on DNA sequencing on the Cortinarius family.

Dick Alder's full list of Sunday's finds is shown at the end of this post and has been shared with the Sussex Biological Records office.

In addition to that list, over the past few days we have also found:

Black bulgar or Batchelor's Buttons - Bulgaria Inquinans

BB growing on dead oakwood

Aleuria arantia

List of fungi finds made 16th October Old Copse:

Amanita citrina
False Death Cap
Amanita citrina var. alba
False Death Cap, white
Amanita excelsa var. spissa
Grey Spotted Amanita
Amanita muscaria
Fly Agaric
Amanita rubescens
Amanita porphyria
Grey Veiled Amanita
Boletus badius
Bay Bolete
Boletus edulis
Cantharellus tubaeformis
Trumpet Chanterelle
Clitopilus prunulus
Coprinopsis atramentaria
Common Inkcap
Cortinarius violaceus
Violet Webcap
Daedaleopsis confragosa
Blushing Bracket
Entoloma nitidum
a Pinkgill
Gomphidius roseus
Rosy Spike
Gymnopilus junonius
Spectacular Rustgill
Gymnopilus penetrans
Common Rustgill
Hydnum repandum
Wood Hedgehog
Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca
False Chantarelle
Hypholoma fasciculare
Sulphur Tuft
Laccaria amethystina
Amethyst Deceiver
Lactarius blennius
Beech Milkcap
Lactarius chrysorrheus
Yellowdrop Milkcap
Lactarius deliciosus
Saffron Milkcap
Lactarius hepaticus
Liver Milkcap
Lactarius rufus
Rufous Milkcap
Lactarius tabidus
Birch Milkcap
Leccinum scabrum
Brown Birch Bolete
Leccinum variicolor
Mottled Bolete
Naucoria escharioides
Ochre Aldercap
Paxillus involutus
Brown Rollrim
Piptoporus betulinus
Birch Polypore
Russula atropurpurea
Purple Brittlegill
Russula claroflava
Yellow Swamp Brittlegill
Russula densifolia
Crowded Brittlegill
Russula nigricans
Blackening Brittlegill
Russula nitida
Purple Swamp Brittlegill
Russula nobilis
Beechwood Sickener
Russula ochroleuca
Ochre Brittlegill
Russula sardonia
Primrose Brittlegill
Scleroderma citrinum
Common Earthball
Suillus bovinus
Bovine Bolete

Saturday, 15 October 2016


The start of Autumn and time for  woodland activities to crank up a gear. The season's first trailer load of firewood negotiates the steep track down onto the Ride successfully, then out to the road via the bottom gate. 

Mushroom season has started, with the first edible finds shown below: two ceps (Boletus edulis) a bay bolete (Boletus badius) and a handful of hedgehog mushrooms (Hydnum repandum). 

A much more unusual find was a small group of violet webcaps (Cortinarius voilaceous) growing in the birch in OC1. These are rare in the UK, though rather more common in some parts of mainland Europe .